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City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: architecture, listed buildings - بودابست, هنغاريا

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إحداثيات GPS: خط العرض 47°31'4"، خط الطول 19°4'38" (N47 31.07 - E19 4.63) خريطة

معلومات ، حقائق مثيرة للاهتمام، قصص قصيرة

Green iron dragon - بودابست, هنغاريا Green iron dragon

The two large cast-iron dragon statues in the Budapest Zoo are much older than they seem, and their story is quite adventurous as well.

Actually there are three of them and they were created in 1856 in the Schlick Iron Foundry by the plans of Frigyes Feszl. Initially they stood at the Pest-side end of the Széchenyi Chain Bridge, at one of the gates of the Danube Steamship Company ("Duna Gőzhajózási Társaság") close to the Danube bank. When the embankments were rebuilt they were moved to the edge of the City Park ("Városliget").

In 1958 one of the dragons was placed in front of the Kiscelli Museum in Buda, as well as the other two were moved to the recently closed Budapest Amusement Park ("Vidám Park") near the "Enchanted Castle" (in Hungarian "Elvarázsolt Kastély") attraction. Finally the two iron dragons were moved to the Budapest Zoo from that place in 2010.

After a long operation the Budapest Amusement Park or "Vidám Park" was closed in September 2013, and then the area was acquired by the Budapest Zoo. Today this area is called "Holnemvolt Park" (literally "Once Upon a Time Park"), where among other things some of the old, monumental attraction of the former theme park could get a new life.

Palm House, today it is called "America Tropicana" - بودابست, هنغاريا Palm House, today it is called "America Tropicana"

The building was designed by Gyula Végh and built between 1909-1912. There was a major renovation between 1991 and 2000.

The Palm House of the Budapest Zoo & Botanical Garden was originally designed to the Gellért Hill, but during the big reconstruction of the zoo between 1909-1912 the decision-makers changed their mind and then they decided that here shore of the Great Lake will be the best place for it. The technical design was made by Gyula Végh, as well as the horticultural (garden) design was the work of Keresztély Ilsemann and Károly Räde.

The building is an iron-structure big glass hall that consists of two main parts and 3-3 side halls. Beside presenting plants it also had a terrarium, for example in 1934 crocodiles were settled in the semicircular part what is today a confectionery.

The World War II caused serious damages in the Palm House, and it could be opened again only in 1952, but then it was still in very bad condition due to among other things the damages and the humid climate inside the building. These problems were fixed only by the big reconstructions between 1991-2000, so as of today the visitors can view this together with the Aquarium in its original (or even more beautiful) splendor again.

János Xántus House - بودابست, هنغاريا János Xántus House

It was built in 1952, designed by the Municipal Planning Bureau, in Hungarian "Fővárosi Tervező Iroda".

János Xántus (1825-1894) was a Hungarian zoologist, traveler and ethnographer, and also the first director of the Budapest Zoo. Outside of Hungary he is known as John Xantus de Vesey. He supported the Hungarian National Museum by significant botanical and zoological collections.

Wall painting (more precisely a sgraffito) of a bison on the wall of the Bison House that was built in 1963 and demolished in 2010 - بودابست, هنغاريا Wall painting (more precisely a sgraffito) of a bison on the wall of the Bison House that was built in 1963 and demolished in 2010

The sgraffito is not a simple mural or painting, but a picture that is created by conscious and precise scraping of the different colored coating or plaster layers, after they were deposited on the wall one after the other. This is the situation for example in the case of the Bisons' House ("Bölényház") in the zoo.

The Bison House of the Budapest Zoo & Botanical Garden was built in 1963 in socialist realist style by the plans of Gyula Kéri and Ferenc Bognár, on the site of the former Buffalo House which was built in 1912 and destroyed in the World War II. The bison figure on its wall was designed by Jenő József Percz, inspired by prehistoric cave paintings and African drawings considering both the shape and the colors. The building was demolished in 2010 and the replica of the former Buffalo House of Károly Kós and Dezső Zrumeczky architects was built on the top of its foundations. From then it is unknown what happened with the bison picture.

Wooden column-sculpture with African ground idols, and the Elephant House with its observation tower can be seen in the distance as well - بودابست, هنغاريا Wooden column-sculpture with African ground idols, and the Elephant House with its observation tower can be seen in the distance as well

The originals of two wooden column-sculpture close to the so-called Elephant Gate of the Budapest Zoo were brought here to Budapest from the Congo region in Africa, and they were exhibited when the zoo was renovated in 1912. However, these sculptures were destroyed in the World War II. The columns were resculpted of wood by the Hungarian sculptor József Tóth in Tanzania, Africa, and they were placed to their current site in 1998 by courtesy of Pál Lendvai and Gyula Pázmándi.

الصفحة الرئيسية من بودابست, هنغاريا

بودابست, هنغاريا - معرض صور أكثر:

Angyalföld, Lehel Street (46 الصور) Angyalföld, miscellaneous pictures (52 الصور) Downtown or Inner City (Belváros district) (55 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), riverbanks of Danube (75 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Ferenciek tere (square) (63 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Váci Street (69 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Inner City Parish Church (59 الصور) The Buda Hills in winter (26 الصور) Budapest Park, Pet Shop Boys concert (80 الصور) Campona Tropicarium Zoo and Oceanarium (32 الصور) Elizabeth Bridge ("Erzsébet híd") (45 الصور) The outer Danube bridges of Budapest (46 الصور) Margaret Bridge ("Margit híd") (48 الصور) Liberty Bridge (aka Freedom Bridge, "Szabadság híd") (36 الصور) Széchenyi Chain Bridge ("Széchenyi Lánchíd") (39 الصور) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos until the peaking (189 الصور) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos after the peaking (77 الصور) Riverbank of Danube, Buda side (76 الصور) Riverbank of Danube, Pest side (92 الصور) The icy Danube River (27 الصور) Banks of the Danube, Red Bull Air Race Budapest (52 الصور) Erzsébetváros, New York Palace and Café (44 الصور) Erzsébetváros, Rózsák tere (square) (52 الصور) Erzsébetváros, miscellaneous pictures (62 الصور) Erzsébetváros, Synagogues (47 الصور) Cozy restaurants and cafés (100 الصور) Ferencváros, Riverbanks of Danube (30 الصور) Ferencváros, Danube bank with the "Bálna" (44 الصور) Ferencváros, Corvinus University of Budapest (34 الصور) Ferencváros, Museum of the Applied Arts (28 الصور) Ferencváros, Central Market Hall or Great Market Hall (Nagycsarnok) (41 الصور) Ferencváros, Ráday Street (41 الصور) Ferencváros, miscellaneous pictures (57 الصور) Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (former Ferihegy Airport) (111 الصور) Gellért Bath spa and thermal bath (75 الصور) Gellért Hill and surroundings (127 الصور) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere") (103 الصور) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere"), concert of the Omega and the Scorpions bands (80 الصور) Buda Hills: János Hill, Elisabeth Lookout Tower (79 الصور) Józsefváros, Keleti Railway Station (115 الصور) Józsefváros, Palotanegyed ("Palace District") (34 الصور) Józsefváros, Urania National Film Theatre (32 الصور) Józsefváros, vegyes képek (38 الصور) Aquaworld water park, the indoor adventure pools in the evening (17 الصور) Small Boulevard ("Kiskörút") (78 الصور) Kopaszi Dike, Öböl Park ("Bay Park") (61 الصور) Lipótváros, Deák Square and surroundings (60 الصور) Lipótváros, riverbank of Danube (50 الصور) Lipótváros, the Kossuth Square and the Hungarian Parliament Building at night (57 الصور) Hungarian Parliament Building ("Országház") and surroundings (85 الصور) Szabadság Square and surroundings (134 الصور) Gresham Palace (33 الصور) St. Stephen's Basilica ("Szent István-bazilika") (64 الصور) Christmas fair at the St. Stephen's Basilica (27 الصور) Lipótváros, miscellaneous photos (58 الصور) Lipótváros, Vörösmarty Square and surroundings (69 الصور) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), southern part (69 الصور) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), northern part (72 الصور) Mátyásföld, Erzsébet-liget ("Elisabeth Park") (89 الصور) Mátyásföld, Children's Day picnic in the Erzsébet-liget ("Elizabeth Park") (105 الصور) Cinkota Forest (31 الصور) Grand Boulevard ("Nagykörút") (113 الصور) Nagytétény, Száraz-Rudnyánszky Castle and Museum (67 الصور) Népsziget ("People's Island") (31 الصور) Óbuda and its surroundings (85 الصور) Óbuda, Banks of River Danube, Római Beach (Római-part) (105 الصور) Örs vezér tere (square) (44 الصور) Rákóczi Avenue (51 الصور) Rákospalota (10 الصور) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, "the aristocrat of the roads" (103 الصور) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House (44 الصور) Terézváros, Liszt Ferenc Square and surroundings (51 الصور) Terézváros, Nyugati Square (60 الصور) Terézváros, miscellaneous pictures (47 الصور) Hungarian Natural History Museum, Giants of Patagonia - Dinosaurs of Argentina (43 الصور) Hungarian Natural History Museum (40 الصور) Újpest, harbor on the Danube bank (63 الصور) Újpest, district center (97 الصور) Újpest, miscellaneous photos (54 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, Royal Palace (140 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, Fisherman's Bastion and Matthias Church (112 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, miscellaneous photos (197 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: African Savannah Zone (60 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Aquarium (60 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Australia House (53 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Primates (55 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: the kids' favorites (42 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Little Rock (79 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Rock, the "Magical Hill" (98 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Lake and the Japanese Garden (76 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: America Tropicana (Palm-house) (77 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: (121 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Állatkerti körút ("Zoo Boulevard") (49 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), the old theme park (55 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Széchenyi Bath thermal bath and spa (70 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), City Park Lake (132 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Vajdahunyad Castle (104 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Olof Palme House (27 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), miscellaneous photos (170 الصور) Zugló, Herminamező (76 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező (111 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Palace and Honvéd Cultural Center (100 الصور) Erzsébetváros, University of Veterinary Medicine ("Állatorvostudományi Egyetem") (21 الصور) Terézváros, the Andrássy Avenue in early spring (125 الصور) Lipótváros, the reconstructed Kossuth Square (75 الصور) Óbuda, Aquincum, Graphisoft Park (54 الصور) "The Great Race 2015" air show in the downtown over the Danube River (64 الصور) Óbuda, Aquincum, Danube bank (48 الصور) The Buda Hills in autumn (125 الصور) Buda Castle Bazaar, Gardens and Pavilion ("Várkert-bazár" or "Várbazár") (149 الصور) Danube bank of Buda, Batthyány Square (61 الصور) Danube bank of Buda, Clark Ádám Square (49 الصور) Budapest-Déli Railway Terminal (31 الصور) Buda, Széll Kálmán Square (former Moszkva Square) (81 الصور) Újpest, Farkas Forest (95 الصور) Labyrinth of Buda Castle (15 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Avenue (149 الصور) Erzsébetváros, "Party district" ("Bulinegyed") by night (98 الصور) Mátyásföld, Bike path along Szilas Brook (Szilas-patak) (58 الصور) Buda Castle Quarter by night (42 الصور) Downtown, Sightseeing boat trip on the Danube by night (30 الصور)  
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