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Terézváros, the Andrássy Avenue in early spring - بودابست, هنغاريا

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إحداثيات GPS: خط العرض 47°30'30"، خط الطول 19°4'4" (N47 30.5 - E19 4.07) خريطة

معلومات ، حقائق مثيرة للاهتمام، قصص قصيرة

House of Terror Museum (in Hungarian "Terror Háza Múzeum") - بودابست, هنغاريا House of Terror Museum (in Hungarian "Terror Háza Múzeum")

The House of Terror Museum ("Terror Háza Múzeum") on the Andrássy Anenue is an often recommended tourist destination, probably not without reason. The institution was established in 2002 and contains exhibitions about the 20th-century Hungarian and European dictatorial regimes (primarily the Communism and the Fascism). The other main target ot the museum is to preserve the memory of the victims of these regimes as well.

The "career" of the building began relatively prosaically: it was built in 1880 as an apartment building, designed by Adolf Feszty in the then fashionable renaissance revival (neo-renaissance) style. In 1932 the then owner Hungarian-Jewish painter Izsák Perlmutter (1866-1932) bequeathed the building to the Hungarian Jewish Museum and the Israelite (Jewish) Community of Pest. But then in 1937 the members of the Hungarian National Socialist Movement, the notorious Ferenc Szálasi and his company started to rent premises here. In 1940 this house at 60 Andrássy Avenue became the headquarters of the Arrow Cross Party Hungarist Movement ("Nyilaskeresztes Párt") that existed between 1939-1945 was evolved from the group of Szálasi. Soon prisons and torture chambers were created within the building for everybody who the Arrow Cross Party considered to be persona non grata (undesirable person) or their enemy.

At the end of World War II the Soviet troops arrived in Hungary, but instead of liberation it meant just another and really long occupation. The Soviets very soon forced their Communist ideology to Hungary (just like to the other satellite states). Of course there were some Hungarian people who helped them to realize it, and these together determinated the fate of the country for long period. In 1945 the building of the present-day House of Terror Museum was acquired by the political police, that ensured the power of the Communists and realized the state terror. Some years later it was still used by the successor organizations: from 1946 the State Security Department (in Hungarian "Államvédelmi Osztály" or ÁVO), then between 1948-1956 the State Protection Authority ("Államvédelmi Hatóság" or ÁVH). In those times many rooms were transformed to prison cells, interrogation or torture rooms, and when there was a lack of space in this building, the basements of the surrounding buildings were started to be used for this reason. A complete cellar prison system was developed for the political and other prisoners. The secret police worked quite similar as in Stalin's Soviet Union or the present-day North Korea, just in somewhat smaller scale.

Finally in 1956 the ÁVH agency (the State Protection Authority) was ceased thanks to the de-Stalinization, and the building became the headquarter and office building of several state enterprises. The still Communist government tried to hide and dissemble every trace of the former activities, and it was successful for a long period. For example the prison in the basement of the building was converted to club rooms for the Hungarian Young Communist League (KISZ) that was founded in 1957.

The reconstruction and coversion to a museum was done by the plans of János Sándor architect and Attila Ferenczfy-Kovács interior designer, it was opened for the public in 2002.

The Art Nouveau (secessionist) style Schanzer Villa - بودابست, هنغاريا The Art Nouveau (secessionist) style Schanzer Villa

One of the Art Nouveau jewels of the Andrássy Avenue is the ten-and-a-half-room Schanzer Villa (residence). Sometimes it is incorrectly called Schwanzer Villa, but the first owner who the building was named after was Ignác Schanzer, a timber merchant from Szolnok. The building was designed by Frigyes Spiegel, who was the architect and the interior designer in one, built between 1907-1908 (probably based on an earlier plan of Bloch and Holitscher architects). There was an auditorium and a bar on the attic-floor in the loft, as well as a restaurant in the basement. About the Bányász Villa, that stood on its site until 1906 unfortunately nothing can be known (no any record or photograph remained), except it was designed by Frigyes Feszl and built between 1882-1883.

The palace was owned by the Embassy of Turkey between 1900-1921, then after changing several owners between 1940-1945 the state gave it to the Hungarian Chamber Of Press ("Országos Magyar Sajtókamara") by a decree. Between 1945-1947 it was the headquarters of the Soviet military officer Marshal Kliment Voroshilov, then for long time it was the head office of the Association of Hungarian Journalists (in "Hungarian Magyar Újságírók Országos Szövetsége" or MÚOSz).

The building was announced for sale in 2006 and since 2008 it was unused and vacant. Then at the end of 2014 it was bought by the Hungarian Academy of Arts ("Magyar Művészeti Akadémia" or MMA) conservative public body probably for more than 1.7 billion of public funds, therefore the building was indirectly nationalized.

الصفحة الرئيسية من بودابست, هنغاريا

بودابست, هنغاريا - معرض صور أكثر:

Angyalföld, Lehel Street (46 الصور) Angyalföld, miscellaneous pictures (52 الصور) Downtown or Inner City (Belváros district) (55 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), riverbanks of Danube (75 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Ferenciek tere (square) (63 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Váci Street (69 الصور) Downtown (Belváros district), Inner City Parish Church (59 الصور) The Buda Hills in winter (26 الصور) Budapest Park, Pet Shop Boys concert (80 الصور) Campona Tropicarium Zoo and Oceanarium (32 الصور) Elizabeth Bridge ("Erzsébet híd") (45 الصور) The outer Danube bridges of Budapest (46 الصور) Margaret Bridge ("Margit híd") (48 الصور) Liberty Bridge (aka Freedom Bridge, "Szabadság híd") (36 الصور) Széchenyi Chain Bridge ("Széchenyi Lánchíd") (39 الصور) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos until the peaking (189 الصور) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos after the peaking (77 الصور) Riverbank of Danube, Buda side (76 الصور) Riverbank of Danube, Pest side (92 الصور) The icy Danube River (27 الصور) Banks of the Danube, Red Bull Air Race Budapest (52 الصور) Erzsébetváros, New York Palace and Café (44 الصور) Erzsébetváros, Rózsák tere (square) (52 الصور) Erzsébetváros, miscellaneous pictures (62 الصور) Erzsébetváros, Synagogues (47 الصور) Cozy restaurants and cafés (100 الصور) Ferencváros, Riverbanks of Danube (30 الصور) Ferencváros, Danube bank with the "Bálna" (44 الصور) Ferencváros, Corvinus University of Budapest (34 الصور) Ferencváros, Museum of the Applied Arts (28 الصور) Ferencváros, Central Market Hall or Great Market Hall (Nagycsarnok) (41 الصور) Ferencváros, Ráday Street (41 الصور) Ferencváros, miscellaneous pictures (57 الصور) Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (former Ferihegy Airport) (111 الصور) Gellért Bath spa and thermal bath (75 الصور) Gellért Hill and surroundings (127 الصور) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere") (103 الصور) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere"), concert of the Omega and the Scorpions bands (80 الصور) Buda Hills: János Hill, Elisabeth Lookout Tower (79 الصور) Józsefváros, Keleti Railway Station (115 الصور) Józsefváros, Palotanegyed ("Palace District") (34 الصور) Józsefváros, Urania National Film Theatre (32 الصور) Józsefváros, vegyes képek (38 الصور) Aquaworld water park, the indoor adventure pools in the evening (17 الصور) Small Boulevard ("Kiskörút") (78 الصور) Kopaszi Dike, Öböl Park ("Bay Park") (61 الصور) Lipótváros, Deák Square and surroundings (60 الصور) Lipótváros, riverbank of Danube (50 الصور) Lipótváros, the Kossuth Square and the Hungarian Parliament Building at night (57 الصور) Hungarian Parliament Building ("Országház") and surroundings (85 الصور) Szabadság Square and surroundings (134 الصور) Gresham Palace (33 الصور) St. Stephen's Basilica ("Szent István-bazilika") (64 الصور) Christmas fair at the St. Stephen's Basilica (27 الصور) Lipótváros, miscellaneous photos (58 الصور) Lipótváros, Vörösmarty Square and surroundings (69 الصور) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), southern part (69 الصور) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), northern part (72 الصور) Mátyásföld, Erzsébet-liget ("Elisabeth Park") (89 الصور) Mátyásföld, Children's Day picnic in the Erzsébet-liget ("Elizabeth Park") (105 الصور) Cinkota Forest (31 الصور) Grand Boulevard ("Nagykörút") (113 الصور) Nagytétény, Száraz-Rudnyánszky Castle and Museum (67 الصور) Népsziget ("People's Island") (31 الصور) Óbuda and its surroundings (85 الصور) Óbuda, Banks of River Danube, Római Beach (Római-part) (105 الصور) Örs vezér tere (square) (44 الصور) Rákóczi Avenue (51 الصور) Rákospalota (10 الصور) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, "the aristocrat of the roads" (103 الصور) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House (44 الصور) Terézváros, Liszt Ferenc Square and surroundings (51 الصور) Terézváros, Nyugati Square (60 الصور) Terézváros, miscellaneous pictures (47 الصور) Hungarian Natural History Museum, Giants of Patagonia - Dinosaurs of Argentina (43 الصور) Hungarian Natural History Museum (40 الصور) Újpest, harbor on the Danube bank (63 الصور) Újpest, district center (97 الصور) Újpest, miscellaneous photos (54 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, Royal Palace (140 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, Fisherman's Bastion and Matthias Church (112 الصور) Buda Castle quarter, miscellaneous photos (197 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: African Savannah Zone (60 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Aquarium (60 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Australia House (53 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: architecture, listed buildings (109 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Primates (55 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: the kids' favorites (42 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Little Rock (79 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Rock, the "Magical Hill" (98 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Lake and the Japanese Garden (76 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: America Tropicana (Palm-house) (77 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: (121 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Állatkerti körút ("Zoo Boulevard") (49 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), the old theme park (55 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Széchenyi Bath thermal bath and spa (70 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), City Park Lake (132 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Vajdahunyad Castle (104 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), Olof Palme House (27 الصور) City Park ("Városliget"), miscellaneous photos (170 الصور) Zugló, Herminamező (76 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező (111 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Palace and Honvéd Cultural Center (100 الصور) Erzsébetváros, University of Veterinary Medicine ("Állatorvostudományi Egyetem") (21 الصور) Lipótváros, the reconstructed Kossuth Square (75 الصور) Óbuda, Aquincum, Graphisoft Park (54 الصور) "The Great Race 2015" air show in the downtown over the Danube River (64 الصور) Óbuda, Aquincum, Danube bank (48 الصور) The Buda Hills in autumn (125 الصور) Buda Castle Bazaar, Gardens and Pavilion ("Várkert-bazár" or "Várbazár") (149 الصور) Danube bank of Buda, Batthyány Square (61 الصور) Danube bank of Buda, Clark Ádám Square (49 الصور) Budapest-Déli Railway Terminal (31 الصور) Buda, Széll Kálmán Square (former Moszkva Square) (81 الصور) Újpest, Farkas Forest (95 الصور) Labyrinth of Buda Castle (15 الصور) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Avenue (149 الصور) Erzsébetváros, "Party district" ("Bulinegyed") by night (98 الصور) Mátyásföld, Bike path along Szilas Brook (Szilas-patak) (58 الصور) Buda Castle Quarter by night (42 الصور) Downtown, Sightseeing boat trip on the Danube by night (30 الصور)  
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