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Visegrád, Ungarn

Visegrád

City that is embraced

City that is embraced

by hills and the Danube

by hills and the Danube

With its marvellous castle and palace this city used to be Hungary’s royal seat until it was replaced by Buda. Several of our great kings, great events and great legends are connected with Visegrád. The view from the castle is still the same as it was in the times of our kings – the Pilis and Börzsöny mountain chains and the winding Danube under the castle.

Visegrád, Ungarn

In Roman times a fortification already stood on Sibrik Hill, but the ruins of a military camp and a Roman villa have also been found here. The name of Visegrád has Slav origins and it means a castle built on a hill.

Prince Géza realised that the southern gate needed to be fortified in order to protect Esztergom, the royal seat. This was when Visegrád became an overseer’s seat. After a while it also became a royal seat. The Turks later invaded it. In 1686, after the hundred and fifty year long Turkish occupation, the completeley depopulated settlement was peopled with Germans.

Citadel (Upper Castle)

This is Hungary’s most beautiful and best preserved medieval castle. After the first Mongol invasion in the 13th century Béla IV and his wife Lascaris Maria from Byzantium launched the construction of the castle, subsidised by the jewellery of her dowry. The purpose of this plan was to establish a place which could protect their daughter, Margaret, and the inhabitants of the area in case of a hostile attack.

Visegrád, Ungarn

Margaret lived in a Dominican monastery on the Island of Rabbits, which is now called Margaret Island. Becasue of the miracles made during her life and the wonderful cures connected to her grave she later became one of Hungary’s greatest saints.

Visegrád, Ungarn

The castle itself was triangular with two towers. One of the gate towers was overlooking Buda and the other, the old tower, protected the castle against attacks coming from the north. The chapel was located in the old tower and it was consecrated to Saint Elizabeth of the Árpád dynasty.

Charles I seized the castle in the 14th century and made this his royal seat, instead of Temesvár, which is now in Romania. The Saint Crown was brought here form Fehérvár during this time, and it was kept in Visegrád for almost two centuries. Furthermore the Polish crown and crown jewels were also kept within its walls for more than forty years.

Visegrád, Ungarn

From the year 1526 onwards Turkish attacks devastated the castle. For a long time it was their property and during which much of it got destroyed. But the worst damage came in 1702 when Leopold I, Austrian Kaiser, blew it up.

The Lower castle and Salamon Tower

The Lower castle and the Citadel was connected with a wall closing the valley. Two watchtowers and a gate tower were located on it. The rebel Salamon was kept in captivitiy in Visegrád on the command of St Ladislaus, and the fortified building got its name after this event in the 13th century. It is true that the tower was named after King Salamon, but in fact he was not kept here, but in the overseer’s castle on Sibrik Hill.

Visegrád, Ungarn

Salamon Tower is a six-floored, hexagonal building which was connected to the lower bastion with a strong wall. Its lower part was used both for military and agricultural purposes, while the upper part served as living quarters.

Royal Palace

It was constructed for one reason, namely that the Citadel and the Lower Castle proved to be too small, so to replace them a spacious and Italian-like palace was built. The two-styled, Renaissance and late-Gothic, palace became the official seat of the Hungarian rulers until Sigismund transferred it to Buda.

Visegrád, Ungarn

The building was renovated during the reign of Matthias Corvinus, when he converted it into a summer residence. He did not really stay in the Citadel, but in these beautiful surroundings, where he organised magnificent dinners and hunts. According to a story the palace was so splendid that the envoy of the Turkish emperor on seeing it was so overcome he just kept repeating ’The emperor is greeting you’.

Roman fortification on Sibrik Hill, Castrum

This triangular military camp was constructed during the reign of Constantinus I. In those times it was a significant protective fortification. Its gate tower, overlooking the Danube, guarded the old road against barbarian attacks. In the 4th century the Roman garrison left and German Quadi tribes settled here. Their dwellings, holes dug into the ground, can still be seen.

Egenskaber, karakteristika

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Europa (Kontinent)  >  Ungarn (Land)  >  Budapest og dens omgivende (Turistregion)  >  Pest megye (county) (Provins)  >  Danube Bend (Dunakanyar) (Geografisk region)

GPS-koordinater: Bredde 47°46'47", Længde 18°58'57" (N47 46.78 - E18 58.95) Kort

Visegrád - Panoramabilleder (1 billeder)

××Lepence, Danube Bend, The old bath - Visegrád, Ungarn
Lepence, Danube Bend, The old bath

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Destinationer i rejseguide:
Visegrád (220 billeder + 1 panorama billeder) Danube Bend (Dunakanyar) (1 769 billeder + 6 panorama billeder) Pest megye (county) (15 122 billeder + 50 panorama billeder) Budapest og dens omgivende (15 989 billeder + 52 panorama billeder) Ungarn (27 287 billeder + 163 panorama billeder)
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Pilis Mountains (Pilis hegység) (335 billeder) Buda Hills (Budai-hegység) (8 632 billeder + 21 panorama billeder) Gödöllő Hills (Gödöllői-dombság) (4 203 billeder + 21 panorama billeder) Visegrád Mountains (Visegrádi-hegység) (116 billeder + 1 panorama billeder) Cegléd (125 billeder + 2 panorama billeder) Ráckeve (92 billeder) Dunakeszi (259 billeder) Göd (23 billeder) Nagykőrös (250 billeder + 2 panorama billeder) Nagymaros (31 billeder) Pilisvörösvár (88 billeder) Szentendre (597 billeder + 1 panorama billeder) Vác (232 billeder + 2 panorama billeder) Esztergom (110 billeder + 1 panorama billeder) Dunakeszi (259 billeder) Göd (23 billeder) Nagymaros (31 billeder) Szentendre (597 billeder + 1 panorama billeder) Vác (232 billeder + 2 panorama billeder) Csővár (105 billeder) Kóspallag (53 billeder) Márianosztra (37 billeder) Nagybörzsöny (4 billeder) Pilisszentkereszt (122 billeder) Nógrád (181 billeder) Zsámbék

Alle panoramafoto her:
Visegrád (1 billeder) Danube Bend (Dunakanyar) (6 billeder) Pest megye (county) (50 billeder) Budapest og dens omgivende (52 billeder) Ungarn (163 billeder) Europa (165 billeder)

Hver normal foto her:
Visegrád (220 billeder / 4 gallerier) Danube Bend (Dunakanyar) (1 769 billeder / 31 gallerier) Pest megye (county) (15 122 billeder / 221 gallerier) Budapest og dens omgivende (15 989 billeder / 234 gallerier) Ungarn (27 287 billeder / 462 gallerier) Europa (30 494 billeder / 523 gallerier)

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