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Terézváros, the Andrássy Avenue in early spring - Budapešť, Maďarsko

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House of Terror Museum (in Hungarian "Terror Háza Múzeum") - Budapešť, Maďarsko House of Terror Museum (in Hungarian "Terror Háza Múzeum")

The House of Terror Museum ("Terror Háza Múzeum") on the Andrássy Anenue is an often recommended tourist destination, probably not without reason. The institution was established in 2002 and contains exhibitions about the 20th-century Hungarian and European dictatorial regimes (primarily the Communism and the Fascism). The other main target ot the museum is to preserve the memory of the victims of these regimes as well.

The "career" of the building began relatively prosaically: it was built in 1880 as an apartment building, designed by Adolf Feszty in the then fashionable renaissance revival (neo-renaissance) style. In 1932 the then owner Hungarian-Jewish painter Izsák Perlmutter (1866-1932) bequeathed the building to the Hungarian Jewish Museum and the Israelite (Jewish) Community of Pest. But then in 1937 the members of the Hungarian National Socialist Movement, the notorious Ferenc Szálasi and his company started to rent premises here. In 1940 this house at 60 Andrássy Avenue became the headquarters of the Arrow Cross Party Hungarist Movement ("Nyilaskeresztes Párt") that existed between 1939-1945 was evolved from the group of Szálasi. Soon prisons and torture chambers were created within the building for everybody who the Arrow Cross Party considered to be persona non grata (undesirable person) or their enemy.

At the end of World War II the Soviet troops arrived in Hungary, but instead of liberation it meant just another and really long occupation. The Soviets very soon forced their Communist ideology to Hungary (just like to the other satellite states). Of course there were some Hungarian people who helped them to realize it, and these together determinated the fate of the country for long period. In 1945 the building of the present-day House of Terror Museum was acquired by the political police, that ensured the power of the Communists and realized the state terror. Some years later it was still used by the successor organizations: from 1946 the State Security Department (in Hungarian "Államvédelmi Osztály" or ÁVO), then between 1948-1956 the State Protection Authority ("Államvédelmi Hatóság" or ÁVH). In those times many rooms were transformed to prison cells, interrogation or torture rooms, and when there was a lack of space in this building, the basements of the surrounding buildings were started to be used for this reason. A complete cellar prison system was developed for the political and other prisoners. The secret police worked quite similar as in Stalin's Soviet Union or the present-day North Korea, just in somewhat smaller scale.

Finally in 1956 the ÁVH agency (the State Protection Authority) was ceased thanks to the de-Stalinization, and the building became the headquarter and office building of several state enterprises. The still Communist government tried to hide and dissemble every trace of the former activities, and it was successful for a long period. For example the prison in the basement of the building was converted to club rooms for the Hungarian Young Communist League (KISZ) that was founded in 1957.

The reconstruction and coversion to a museum was done by the plans of János Sándor architect and Attila Ferenczfy-Kovács interior designer, it was opened for the public in 2002. The general director is Mária Schmidt historian from the beginning, the main professional guidelines and the conception of the exhibitions are mostly thanks to her.

The Art Nouveau (secessionist) style Schanzer Villa - Budapešť, Maďarsko The Art Nouveau (secessionist) style Schanzer Villa

One of the Art Nouveau jewels of the Andrássy Avenue is the ten-and-a-half-room Schanzer Villa (residence). Sometimes it is incorrectly called Schwanzer Villa, but the first owner who the building was named after was Ignác Schanzer, a timber merchant from Szolnok. The building was designed by Frigyes Spiegel, who was the architect and the interior designer in one, built between 1907-1908 (probably based on an earlier plan of Bloch and Holitscher architects). There was an auditorium and a bar on the attic-floor in the loft, as well as a restaurant in the basement. About the Bányász Villa, that stood on its site until 1906 unfortunately nothing can be known (no any record or photograph remained), except it was designed by Frigyes Feszl and built between 1882-1883.

The palace was owned by the Embassy of Turkey between 1900-1921, then after changing several owners between 1940-1945 the state gave it to the Hungarian Chamber Of Press ("Országos Magyar Sajtókamara") by a decree. Between 1945-1947 it was the headquarters of the Soviet military officer Marshal Kliment Voroshilov, then for long time it was the head office of the Association of Hungarian Journalists (in "Hungarian Magyar Újságírók Országos Szövetsége" or MÚOSz).

The building was announced for sale in 2006 and since 2008 it was unused and vacant. Then at the end of 2014 it was bought by the Hungarian Academy of Arts ("Magyar Művészeti Akadémia" or MMA) conservative public body probably for more than 1.7 billion of public funds, therefore the building was indirectly nationalized.

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Angyalföld, Lehel Street (46 fotky) Angyalföld, miscellaneous pictures (52 fotky) Downtown or Inner City (Belváros district) (55 fotky) Downtown (Belváros district), riverbanks of Danube (75 fotky) Downtown (Belváros district), Ferenciek tere (square) (63 fotky) Downtown (Belváros district), Váci Street (69 fotky) Downtown (Belváros district), Inner City Parish Church (59 fotky) The Buda Hills in winter (26 fotky) Budapest Park, Pet Shop Boys concert (80 fotky) Campona Tropicarium Zoo and Oceanarium (32 fotky) Elizabeth Bridge ("Erzsébet híd") (45 fotky) The outer Danube bridges of Budapest (46 fotky) Margaret Bridge ("Margit híd") (48 fotky) Liberty Bridge (aka Freedom Bridge, "Szabadság híd") (36 fotky) Széchenyi Chain Bridge ("Széchenyi Lánchíd") (39 fotky) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos until the peaking (189 fotky) Great Danube Flood of 2006, photos after the peaking (77 fotky) Riverbank of Danube, Buda side (76 fotky) Riverbank of Danube, Pest side (92 fotky) The icy Danube River (27 fotky) Banks of the Danube, Red Bull Air Race Budapest (52 fotky) Erzsébetváros, New York Palace and Café (44 fotky) Erzsébetváros, Rózsák tere (square) (52 fotky) Erzsébetváros, miscellaneous pictures (62 fotky) Erzsébetváros, Synagogues (47 fotky) Cozy restaurants and cafés (100 fotky) Ferencváros, Riverbanks of Danube (30 fotky) Ferencváros, Danube bank with the "Bálna" (44 fotky) Ferencváros, Corvinus University of Budapest (34 fotky) Ferencváros, Museum of the Applied Arts (28 fotky) Ferencváros, Central Market Hall or Great Market Hall (Nagycsarnok) (41 fotky) Ferencváros, Ráday Street (41 fotky) Ferencváros, miscellaneous pictures (57 fotky) Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (former Ferihegy Airport) (111 fotky) Gellért Bath spa and thermal bath (75 fotky) Gellért Hill and surroundings (127 fotky) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere") (103 fotky) Heroes' Square ("Hősök tere"), concert of the Omega and the Scorpions bands (80 fotky) Buda Hills: János Hill, Elisabeth Lookout Tower (79 fotky) Józsefváros, Keleti Railway Station (115 fotky) Józsefváros, Palotanegyed ("Palace District") (34 fotky) Józsefváros, Urania National Film Theatre (32 fotky) Józsefváros, vegyes képek (38 fotky) Aquaworld water park, the indoor adventure pools in the evening (17 fotky) Small Boulevard ("Kiskörút") (78 fotky) Kopaszi Dike, Öböl Park ("Bay Park") (61 fotky) Lipótváros, Deák Square and surroundings (60 fotky) Lipótváros, riverbank of Danube (50 fotky) Lipótváros, the Kossuth Square and the Hungarian Parliament Building at night (57 fotky) Hungarian Parliament Building ("Országház") and surroundings (85 fotky) Szabadság Square and surroundings (134 fotky) Gresham Palace (33 fotky) St. Stephen's Basilica ("Szent István-bazilika") (64 fotky) Christmas fair at the St. Stephen's Basilica (27 fotky) Lipótváros, miscellaneous photos (58 fotky) Lipótváros, Vörösmarty Square and surroundings (69 fotky) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), southern part (69 fotky) Margaret Island ("Margit-sziget"), northern part (72 fotky) Mátyásföld, Erzsébet-liget ("Elisabeth Park") (89 fotky) Mátyásföld, Children's Day picnic in the Erzsébet-liget ("Elizabeth Park") (105 fotky) Cinkota Forest (31 fotky) Grand Boulevard ("Nagykörút") (113 fotky) Nagytétény, Száraz-Rudnyánszky Castle and Museum (67 fotky) Népsziget ("People's Island") (31 fotky) Óbuda and its surroundings (85 fotky) Óbuda, Banks of River Danube, Római Beach (Római-part) (105 fotky) Örs vezér tere (square) (44 fotky) Rákóczi Avenue (51 fotky) Rákospalota (10 fotky) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, "the aristocrat of the roads" (103 fotky) Terézváros, Andrássy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House (44 fotky) Terézváros, Liszt Ferenc Square and surroundings (51 fotky) Terézváros, Nyugati Square (60 fotky) Terézváros, miscellaneous pictures (47 fotky) Hungarian Natural History Museum, Giants of Patagonia - Dinosaurs of Argentina (43 fotky) Hungarian Natural History Museum (40 fotky) Újpest, harbor on the Danube bank (63 fotky) Újpest, district center (97 fotky) Újpest, miscellaneous photos (54 fotky) Buda Castle quarter, Royal Palace (140 fotky) Buda Castle quarter, Fisherman's Bastion and Matthias Church (112 fotky) Buda Castle quarter, miscellaneous photos (197 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: African Savannah Zone (60 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Aquarium (60 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Australia House (53 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: architecture, listed buildings (109 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Primates (55 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: the kids' favorites (42 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Little Rock (79 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Rock, the "Magical Hill" (98 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: Great Lake and the Japanese Garden (76 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: America Tropicana (Palm-house) (77 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Budapest Zoo: (121 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Állatkerti körút ("Zoo Boulevard") (49 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), the old theme park (55 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Széchenyi Bath thermal bath and spa (70 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), City Park Lake (132 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Vajdahunyad Castle (104 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), Olof Palme House (27 fotky) City Park ("Városliget"), miscellaneous photos (170 fotky) Zugló, Herminamező (76 fotky) Zugló, Istvánmező (111 fotky) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Palace and Honvéd Cultural Center (100 fotky) Erzsébetváros, University of Veterinary Medicine ("Állatorvostudományi Egyetem") (21 fotky) Lipótváros, the reconstructed Kossuth Square (75 fotky) Óbuda, Aquincum, Graphisoft Park (54 fotky) "The Great Race 2015" air show in the downtown over the Danube River (64 fotky) Óbuda, Aquincum, Danube bank (48 fotky) The Buda Hills in autumn (125 fotky) Buda Castle Bazaar, Gardens and Pavilion ("Várkert-bazár" or "Várbazár") (149 fotky) Danube bank of Buda, Batthyány Square (61 fotky) Danube bank of Buda, Clark Ádám Square (49 fotky) Budapest-Déli Railway Terminal (31 fotky) Buda, Széll Kálmán Square (former Moszkva Square) (81 fotky) Újpest, Farkas Forest (95 fotky) Labyrinth of Buda Castle (15 fotky) Zugló, Istvánmező, Stefánia Avenue (149 fotky) Erzsébetváros, "Party district" ("Bulinegyed") by night (98 fotky) Mátyásföld, Bike path along Szilas Brook (Szilas-patak) (58 fotky) Buda Castle Quarter by night (42 fotky) Downtown, Sightseeing boat trip on the Danube by night (30 fotky)  
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