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Győr, Унгария

Győr

The city of waters

The city of waters

Győr is situated midway between Budapest and Vienna. Three rivers flow into each other here. It is not only the rivers which represent a kind of mixture, but also the different styles of architecture, the ancient times, cultures and atmosphere. First and foremost it is the Baroque inner city and its charming houses which are responsible for the pleasant atmosphere. And of course the flower-clad and lively streets together with the numerous cafés contribute to the aforementioned.

Győr, Унгария

The city got its name at the time of the foundation of the state, which supposedly came from the name of Knight Gyaur. This area was called Arrabona by the Celts who inhabited it BC. in the 1st century AD it became a province of the Roman Empire. Then 300 years later the Romans renounced the city because of the constant Hun attacks.

During the conquest, in the 9th century, the Hungarians fortified the Roman fortress. Then, in the 11th century the episcopate and the stewardship, granted by Stephen I, the first Christian king of Hungary, proved to be the ground for fast development.

Győr, Унгария

Győr was devastated several times, for example by the Tartars, the Czechs and the Turks. The latter gave the city the following name: ‘burnt city’ (‘Jarik kala’). This happened when the Turks, marching into the city, could see that Kristóf Lambert, having lost hope for defence, chose to burn down all the buildings.

In fact the city was under Turkish rule only for four years, since it was liberated earlier than the eastern part of the country. Furthermore, the new artistic style, the Baroque, appeared. This was the era for the irregular and complex cobbled streets to be born, as well as the typical buildings with ornamental façades.

Győr, Унгария

Besides, it is believed, that after the great fire, regular and straightened streets were developed consciously in order to make it easier to shell through them when defending the city.

An unusual feature for visitors to see in Győr is the often used corner windows. There exists a rumour, namely that ladies always wanted to see who escorted their daughters home.

The silver Herm of St. Ladislaus

The bones and the scull of the King (canonized in the 12th century) was taken out of his grave in Nagyvárad and placed in a Herm. It was first kept in the Cathedral of Nagyvárad, and later it was transported to Győr. The Herm is regarded as one of the sacred objects for Hungarians next to The Crown and The St Right Hand.

Győr, Унгария

Vilmos Apor

The Bishop of Győr, born in Transylvania, was shot to death by Soviet soldiers when he was trying to protect women from rape. His tomb may be visited in the Cathedral.

The Irish Madonna of Győr

On 17 March 1697, which is the day of St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, this picture shed tears of blood, having been rescued by the Irish bishop, Walter Lynch. In honour of the picture and this event Bishop Ferenc Zichy had an ornamental Baroque altar installed.

Győr, Унгария

The runaway soldier

One of the most beautiful Baroque relics, the statue of the Ark of the Covenant, is situated on Gutenberg Square as a reminiscence of a fable from 1729. A soldier escaped to the Jesuit monastery, as he had been accused of being a runaway, using a false name and being a bigamist. When troops surrounded the monastery, the bishop tried to help him flee to the Episcopal castle cloaking him as an altar-boy. He put him in the rows of people marching in the procession of Corpus Christi. Unfortunately he was recognised by his fellow men, who attacked him and tried to drag him out of the crowd. They knocked the monstrance out of the hands of the priest and it broke into pieces. The monument was erected by Charles III as conciliation for the offence against the Blessed Sacrament; he paid for it from the fine imposed on the runaway soldier.

Győr, Унгария

The poems of Napoleon’s soldiers

The Apátúr House, on Széchenyi Square, was built by the chief abbot of Pannonhalma, and its dining room was a favourite place of the invaders of the city, i.e. Napoleon’s soldiers. But once the Italian officers organized a ball in honour of their leader and on this great occasion they painted the walls with poems glorifying the emperor. Their traces are still visible. Although they painted them with real enthusiasm, they are full of spelling mistakes, since the Italian officers did not have a good command of French.

Особености, характеристики

Тип:

Голям град

Местоположение:

Европа (Континент)  >  Унгария (Страна)  >  Западна Унгария (Туристическа област)  >  Дьор-Мошон-Шопрон медйе (Окръг, област)  >  Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld) (Географска област)

GPS координати: Ширина 47°41'2", Дължина 17°38'6" (N47 41.03 - E17 38.1)

Győr - Фотоалбум, снимки, фото галерии (111 снимки / 2 галерии)

Downtown (77 снимки)
Pedestrian area with flowering oleander bushes - Győr, Унгария A neoclassical house from around 1820, and next to it there is a 19th-century-built eclectic style residental building (currently Gróf Cziráky Pension) - Győr, Унгария Cahedral Basilica of Győr - Győr, Унгария The neo-baroque Town Hall of Győr at night - Győr, Унгария
Downtown, riverbank (34 снимки)
The Rába Double Bridge ("Kettős híd") over the Rába River, and the tower of the Episcopal Caste ("Püspökvár") in the distance - Győr, Унгария Boat house of Spartacus Rowing Club - Győr, Унгария Park with benches and flowers on Radó Island (actually the whole island is a park) - Győr, Унгария Details of the castle wall, as well as the Rába River and the towers of the Bishop's Caste ("Püspökvár") and the Basilica, viewed from the Radó Island - Győr, Унгария

Győr - Панорамните изображения (2 снимки)

××Bécsi Kapu Square - Győr, Унгария
Bécsi Kapu Square
××Baross Gábor Street - Győr, Унгария
Baross Gábor Street

Можете също така да се интересуват от (Свързани страници):

Дестинации в пътеводителя:
Győr (111 снимки + 2 панорамни изображения) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld) (376 снимки + 5 панорамни изображения) Дьор-Мошон-Шопрон медйе (433 снимки + 5 панорамни изображения) Западна Унгария (985 снимки + 10 панорамни изображения) Унгария (27 287 снимки + 163 панорамни изображения)
и в допълнение:
(в рамките тук: Дьор-Мошон-Шопрон медйе и Little Hungarian Plain)

Fertőrákos (68 снимки) Rábaszentandrás (25 снимки) Fertőrákos (68 снимки) Rábaszentandrás (25 снимки) Sopron (57 снимки) Csorna (72 снимки) Fertőd (37 снимки + 2 панорамни изображения) Csorna (72 снимки) Fertőd (37 снимки + 2 панорамни изображения) Nagycenk (32 снимки + 1 панорамни изображения) Szany (31 снимки) Nagycenk (32 снимки + 1 панорамни изображения) Szany (31 снимки)

Всеки панорамна снимка тук:
Győr (2 снимки) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld) (5 снимки) Дьор-Мошон-Шопрон медйе (5 снимки) Западна Унгария (10 снимки) Унгария (163 снимки) Европа (165 снимки)

Всяка нормална снимка тук:
Győr (111 снимки / 2 галерии) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld) (376 снимки / 11 галерии) Дьор-Мошон-Шопрон медйе (433 снимки / 12 галерии) Западна Унгария (985 снимки / 27 галерии) Унгария (27 287 снимки / 462 галерии) Европа (30 494 снимки / 523 галерии)

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