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Nagycenk, Hungary


Where the "Greatest Hungarian" lived

Where the "Greatest Hungarian" lived

Its name is strongly connected with the Széchenyi family, more precisely with István Széchenyi. The most important sight of the city is the neo-classic castle from the Baroque era built by the family. It attracts plenty of visitors with its stately furnished memorial museum and elegant jardin anglais.

Nagycenk, Hungary

The name of the settlement first appeared in a Latin document of an estate purchase in 1291, but in the name of Zenk. During the course of time two settlements have existed next to each other, both of them bearing the name Cenk. They have been given different prefixes to differentiate between them (e.g. Gödörcenk, Tótcenk), and now better known as Kiscenk and Nagycenk. Although the two settlements were united in 1892, they have remained geographically separate from each other.

Just like Fertőd, this settlement used to the property of the Kanizsay family, then to the Nádasdy family. Because of his part in the Wesselényi plot, Ferenc Nádasdy was executed, and the estate became the property of the royal treasury.

Nagycenk, Hungary

After all these events the new owner, Miklós Draskovich, pawned the estate for cash to the wealthy bishop of Győr, György Széchenyi in 1678. Later the estate became the property of the Széchenyi family once and for all, so this enabled them to rise to the Hungarian peerage.

Nagycenk, Hungary

The construction of the Széchenyi castle was started by Antal Széchenyi with the re-building of a former 18th century mansion. This was later converted considerably by the enlightened thinker, Ferenc Széchenyi, who was also the founder of the National Theatre. The best years of the castle fell in the time when it was inherited by his son, István Széchenyi, and Mihály Pollack, the architect, appealed for further expansion and modernization. Among these gas lighting and water closets catered for the convenience of the residents at these times.

István Széchenyi, born in 1791, was called ‘the greatest Hungarian’ by his political rival, Lajos Kossuth, the key figure of the Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-1849. The idea of uniting Pest and Buda and appointing Budapest the capital of the country was first considered by István Széchenyi. It is also true that the construction of the first permanent bridge in the city, the Lánchíd (‘Chainbridge’), the launch of steam shipping on the Danube and several other projects improving Hungary are connected with his name.

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Municipality, village or hamlet


Europe (Continent)  >  Hungary (Country)  >  Western Hungary (Tourist region)  >  Győr-Moson-Sopron megye (county) (County or province)  >  Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld) (Geographical region / area / zone)

GPS coordinates: Latitude 47°36'10", Longitude 16°41'55" (N47 36.17 - E16 41.92)

Nagycenk - Photo gallery (32 photos)

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Széchenyi Palace - Nagycenk, Hungary
Széchenyi Palace
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