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Győr, ハンガリー

Győr

The city of waters

The city of waters

Győr is situated midway between Budapest and Vienna. Three rivers flow into each other here. It is not only the rivers which represent a kind of mixture, but also the different styles of architecture, the ancient times, cultures and atmosphere. First and foremost it is the Baroque inner city and its charming houses which are responsible for the pleasant atmosphere. And of course the flower-clad and lively streets together with the numerous cafés contribute to the aforementioned.

Győr, ハンガリー

The city got its name at the time of the foundation of the state, which supposedly came from the name of Knight Gyaur. This area was called Arrabona by the Celts who inhabited it BC. in the 1st century AD it became a province of the Roman Empire. Then 300 years later the Romans renounced the city because of the constant Hun attacks.

During the conquest, in the 9th century, the Hungarians fortified the Roman fortress. Then, in the 11th century the episcopate and the stewardship, granted by Stephen I, the first Christian king of Hungary, proved to be the ground for fast development.

Győr, ハンガリー

Győr was devastated several times, for example by the Tartars, the Czechs and the Turks. The latter gave the city the following name: ‘burnt city’ (‘Jarik kala’). This happened when the Turks, marching into the city, could see that Kristóf Lambert, having lost hope for defence, chose to burn down all the buildings.

In fact the city was under Turkish rule only for four years, since it was liberated earlier than the eastern part of the country. Furthermore, the new artistic style, the Baroque, appeared. This was the era for the irregular and complex cobbled streets to be born, as well as the typical buildings with ornamental façades.

Győr, ハンガリー

Besides, it is believed, that after the great fire, regular and straightened streets were developed consciously in order to make it easier to shell through them when defending the city.

An unusual feature for visitors to see in Győr is the often used corner windows. There exists a rumour, namely that ladies always wanted to see who escorted their daughters home.

The silver Herm of St. Ladislaus

The bones and the scull of the King (canonized in the 12th century) was taken out of his grave in Nagyvárad and placed in a Herm. It was first kept in the Cathedral of Nagyvárad, and later it was transported to Győr. The Herm is regarded as one of the sacred objects for Hungarians next to The Crown and The St Right Hand.

Győr, ハンガリー

Vilmos Apor

The Bishop of Győr, born in Transylvania, was shot to death by Soviet soldiers when he was trying to protect women from rape. His tomb may be visited in the Cathedral.

The Irish Madonna of Győr

On 17 March 1697, which is the day of St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, this picture shed tears of blood, having been rescued by the Irish bishop, Walter Lynch. In honour of the picture and this event Bishop Ferenc Zichy had an ornamental Baroque altar installed.

Győr, ハンガリー

The runaway soldier

One of the most beautiful Baroque relics, the statue of the Ark of the Covenant, is situated on Gutenberg Square as a reminiscence of a fable from 1729. A soldier escaped to the Jesuit monastery, as he had been accused of being a runaway, using a false name and being a bigamist. When troops surrounded the monastery, the bishop tried to help him flee to the Episcopal castle cloaking him as an altar-boy. He put him in the rows of people marching in the procession of Corpus Christi. Unfortunately he was recognised by his fellow men, who attacked him and tried to drag him out of the crowd. They knocked the monstrance out of the hands of the priest and it broke into pieces. The monument was erected by Charles III as conciliation for the offence against the Blessed Sacrament; he paid for it from the fine imposed on the runaway soldier.

Győr, ハンガリー

The poems of Napoleon’s soldiers

The Apátúr House, on Széchenyi Square, was built by the chief abbot of Pannonhalma, and its dining room was a favourite place of the invaders of the city, i.e. Napoleon’s soldiers. But once the Italian officers organized a ball in honour of their leader and on this great occasion they painted the walls with poems glorifying the emperor. Their traces are still visible. Although they painted them with real enthusiasm, they are full of spelling mistakes, since the Italian officers did not have a good command of French.

特性、特徴

種類:

都市、大きな町

位置:

ヨーロッパ(大陸)  >  ハンガリー(国)  >  西ハンガリー(観光地域)  >  Győr-Moson-Sopron megye (county)(県(郡))  >  Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld)(地理的地域)

GPS座標: の緯度 47°41'2"、の経度 17°38'6" (N47 41.03 - E17 38.1)

Győr - 写真集、画像ギャラリー(111の写真 / 2のギャラリー)

Downtown(77の写真)
Pedestrian area with flowering oleander bushes - Győr, ハンガリー A neoclassical house from around 1820, and next to it there is a 19th-century-built eclectic style residental building (currently Gróf Cziráky Pension) - Győr, ハンガリー Cahedral Basilica of Győr - Győr, ハンガリー The neo-baroque Town Hall of Győr at night - Győr, ハンガリー
Downtown, riverbank(34の写真)
The Rába Double Bridge ("Kettős híd") over the Rába River, and the tower of the Episcopal Caste ("Püspökvár") in the distance - Győr, ハンガリー Boat house of Spartacus Rowing Club - Győr, ハンガリー Park with benches and flowers on Radó Island (actually the whole island is a park) - Győr, ハンガリー Details of the castle wall, as well as the Rába River and the towers of the Bishop's Caste ("Püspökvár") and the Basilica, viewed from the Radó Island - Győr, ハンガリー

Győr - パノラマ画像(2の写真)

××Bécsi Kapu Square - Győr, ハンガリー
Bécsi Kapu Square
××Baross Gábor Street - Győr, ハンガリー
Baross Gábor Street

また、に興味があるかもしれません(関連ページ):

旅行ガイドの目的地:
Győr(111の写真 + 2のパノラマ画像) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld)(376の写真 + 5のパノラマ画像) Győr-Moson-Sopron megye (county)(433の写真 + 5のパノラマ画像) 西ハンガリー(985の写真 + 10のパノラマ画像) ハンガリー(27,287の写真 + 163のパノラマ画像)
そしてさらに:
(ここで内側:Győr-Moson-Sopron megyeとLittle Hungarian Plain)

Fertőrákos(68の写真) Rábaszentandrás(25の写真) Fertőrákos(68の写真) Rábaszentandrás(25の写真) Sopron(57の写真) Csorna(72の写真) Fertőd(37の写真 + 2のパノラマ画像) Csorna(72の写真) Fertőd(37の写真 + 2のパノラマ画像) Nagycenk(32の写真 + 1のパノラマ画像) Szany(31の写真) Nagycenk(32の写真 + 1のパノラマ画像) Szany(31の写真)

ここにすべてのパノラマ写真:
Győr(2の写真) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld)(5の写真) Győr-Moson-Sopron megye (county)(5の写真) 西ハンガリー(10の写真) ハンガリー(163の写真) ヨーロッパ(165の写真)

ここにすべての通常の写真:
Győr(111の写真 / 2のギャラリー) Little Hungarian Plain (Kisalföld)(376の写真 / 11のギャラリー) Győr-Moson-Sopron megye (county)(433の写真 / 12のギャラリー) 西ハンガリー(985の写真 / 27のギャラリー) ハンガリー(27,287の写真 / 462のギャラリー) ヨーロッパ(30,494の写真 / 523のギャラリー)

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たくさんの写真やパノラマ画像、情報や興味深い事実の多くが付いている。

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